Alfred Deakin Institute
The Alfred Deakin Institute for Citizenship and Globalisation (ADI) is a leading humanities and social sciences research institute based at Deakin University, Australia. Our researchers aim to understand the complex meanings of citizenship, social inclusion and globalisation, and investigate the imp

Project Archive


The following past major research projects are grouped by research area, and include projects from the founding Institutes and Centres that merged to become the Alfred Deakin Institute for Citizenship and Globalisation.

Racism and discrimination

Discovery project: Ethnic Discrimination in the Private Rental Housing Market

Funding period: 2011–2013

Investigators:

  • Professor Kevin M Dunn

  • Dr Heather MacDonald

  • Dr Yin C Paradies

  • Dr Rae Dufty

Administering organisation: The University of Western Sydney

Project summary: Paired testing protocols, as used in North American and Europe, will be used for the first time in Australia to test for ethnic discrimination in the allocation of private rental housing. This will fill a significant gap in current knowledge and provide an evidence for policy action and remedies.


Linkage project: Using museums to counter racism and increase acceptance of diversity among young people

Funding period: 2012–2014

Investigators:

  • Professor Yin Paradies

  • Dr Naomi Priest

  • Associate Professor Emma Kowal

  • Associate Professor Margaret Kelaher

  • Professor Fethi Mansouri

  • Dr Moya McFadzean

  • Ms Carolyn Meehan

  • Ms Linda Sproul

Administering organisation: Deakin University

Partner organisations:

  • Museum of Victoria 

  • Victorian Health Promotion Foundation

Project summary: Although little is known about the topic, racism is a significant issue for young Australians. This project will reveal how high school students and their teachers understand racism, diversity and identity. It will also determine how museum programs can reduce racism and increase acceptance of diversity among high school students and their teachers.


Linkage project: Addressing Race-Based Discrimination in Australia: A Cost-Benefit Analysis

Funding period: 2012–2013

Investigators:

  • Dr Yin C Paradies

  • Associate Professor Margaret Kelaher

  • Professor Alan Shiell

  • Professor Eric T Vos

  • Associate Professor Anthony LaMontagne

  • Dr Marion Frere

Administering organisations:

  • Deakin University

Partner organisation:

  • Australian Human Rights Commission

  • VicHealth

Project summary: This project is designed to produce sustainable benefits to Australian society through the provision of important data needed to promote investment in strategies to address race-based discrimination. 
This will benefit both the lives of individuals experiencing race-based discrimination, including those from Indigenous and culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds. 
It will also benefit society as a whole through promotion of social cohesion and community connectedness and the economic benefits resulting from increased productivity and workforce participation and reduced burden on health, social and welfare systems.

 

Australia and the Asia Pacific

Discovery project: Australia's Asian Futures: A Cultural History, 1972 to the present

Funding period: 2009–2013

Investigator:

  • Professor Baogang He

Administering organisation: Deakin University

Project summary: This project falls within the Research Priority 4: Safeguarding Australia. 
Its benefits include strengthening Australian leadership in deliberative democracy, developing deliberative democratisation in China which is vital for the security and fundamental interest of Australia, and offering new strategies of deliberative democratisation for the international democracy-promotion community. 
It will contribute to a balanced and sophisticated understanding of Chinese democratisation; enhance cooperation between Australian researchers and their counterparts in China; and contribute to global democracy-promotion activities by developing a new field of deliberative democratisation.


Discovery project: The Democratisation of the Rising China through Deliberative Democracy

Funding period: 2009–2011

Investigators:

  • Professor David Walker

Administering organisation: Deakin University

Project summary: Relations with Asia are vital to Australia's prosperity and security. This project places in historical context evolving understandings of what the 'region' has meant to Australians from the 1970s to the present. 
It will clarify the processes by which Australia has adapted to Asia and points of resistance to engagement. 
By examining the representations of politicians, journalists, Asianists and travel writers, this study will seek to explain how threats to security have been perceived over time and the interplay between popular and elite representation. 
An analysis of how threats from political Islam have been understood will inform a wider history of threat perceptions extending from the mid-nineteenth century to the present.


Discovery project: Deliberative Democracy and Citizenship: A Study of Deliberative Polling and Participatory Budgeting in China

Funding period: 2006–2008

Investigators:

  • Associate Professor Baogang He

  • Professor Geoff Stokes

Administering organisation: University of Tasmania

Project summary: The result of this research will enhance Australian democracy-promotion activities overseas, foster Chinese learning from Australian deliberative democratic experiences, as well as benefiting Australian governmental agencies such as AusAID and Australian NGOs working in this field. 
The project will also strengthen cooperation between Australian researchers and their counterparts in China. The lessons learned from this Chinese experiment can be used to improve the quality of citizen participation and to develop more effective means of public participation and consultation in Australia. 
The project will contribute to the Australian government's dialogue approach to human rights issues in China since 1989.


Discovery project: Western Theory of Deliberative Democracy and Chinese Practice of Participatory and Deliberative Democracy

Funding period: 2004–2006

Investigators:

  • Associate Professor Baogang He

Administering organisation: University of Tasmania

Project summary: This project is aimed to study how various participatory and deliberative institutions are pursued and promoted by peasants and residents in local governance in China. 
It is the first study that builds a bridge between Western theory of deliberative democracy and Chinese deliberative practice, adding to our knowledge of local participatory institutions in local China, contributing to a better design of, and improvement of, these institutions and developing lessons and policy implications that will be broadly applicable not only to most parts of China, but also to other developing countries and beyond.

 

Democracy, Governance and government

Discovery Project: Capacity-building in Indonesian Islamic NGOs

Funding period: 2004–2007

Investigators:

  • Dr Greg Barton 

  • Associate Professor Sue Kenny 

Administering organisation: Deakin University

Project summary: This study aims to understand and monitor forms and applications of capacity-building in progressive Islamic/Muslim NGOs in Indonesia, over a four year period, in the context of profound social, economic and political change, in order to better understand how best to strengthen such groups and to assist them to become more effective. 
It will significantly increase our understanding of the complex cultural issues that influence these groups in their efforts to professionalise, build capacity and contribute to civil society. It will identify areas in which Western misunderstandings of Muslim culture and society have limited the effectiveness of capacity building programs.


Linkage Project: Trade Unions, Globalisation and Networked Computers

Funding period: 2003–2005

Investigators:

  • Dr Andrew Vandenberg 

  • Professor Geoff Stokes

Administering organisation: Deakin University

Partner organisation: Australian Council of Trade Unions

Project summary: This project undertakes a qualitative study of Australian unionists' usage of networked computers and their potential for increasing trade union membership and participation and promoting productive diversity in workplaces. 
At a time of declining unionisation, these issues have become urgent and give rise to key research questions about email and the internet in trade union organisation and communication with members. 
The project promises to provide broader theoretical insights into union responses to deregulated labour markets and the globalisation of the economy. The results will be useful to other political and social organisations, as well as government policy makers.


Industry-funded research: Local Government, Volunteering and Community Strengthening Project

Funding period: 2008

Investigator:

  • Professor Sue Kenny 

Partner organisation: Municipal Association of Victoria (MAV)

Project summary: This joint research project between CCHR and the Municipal Association of Victoria investigates the changing nature of volunteering, considers how these developments can contribute to community strengthening, and seeks to identify the unique opportunities that this may present for local government both now and in the future. 
Also included will be research about the requisite enabling attitudes, structures and conditions that have the potential to facilitate a meaningful and sustainable approach to volunteering by local government so that Councils can foster community development and use existing resources to their best advantage.


Industry-Funded Research: Online Forums and Citizen Participation in Australian Democracy

Funding period: 2006

Investigators:

  • Dr Monika Merkes 

  • Dr Lucas Walsh 

Partner organisation: Australian Internet Foundation Grant

Project summary: Citizenship disengagement from conventional politics has prompted governments to seek other methods of encouraging participation. This project reviews the use of online policy consultation and discussion forums seeking to foster greater citizen participation in Australia. It will do this by evaluating the goals, expectations and delivery of four current governmental initiatives in the area. 
The project will compare each government's intentions for using online forums against the empirical outcomes. The project will also compare these outcomes with different normative models of democracy. In so doing, this project will contribute to an assessment of the limits and possibilities for online forums to improve the quality of Australian democracy.


Industry-Funded Research: Tracking What Works: Voluntary Activity, Community Strengthening and Local Government

Funding period: 2007

Investigator:

  • Professor Sue Kenny

Partner organisation: Municipal Association of Victoria (MAV)

Publications:

 
 

Citizenship and multiculturalism

Industry-funded research: Evaluation of Regional Participation Project

Funding period: 2012–2014

Investigators:

  • Associate Professor Danny Ben-Moshe

  • Dr Anna Halafoff

  • Associate Professor Yin Paradies

  • Dr Victoria Stead

Partner organisation: The Centre for Multicultural Youth

Project summary: This project will evaluate two new Centres for Multicultural Youth (CMY) offices established in Ballarat and Gippsland in regional Victoria from 2013-2016.
It will assess how CMY's regional presence is contributing to the improving young people from migrant and refugee background's participation in work, school, family and community and contributing to their sense of wellbeing and belonging. 
It will also investigate to what extent CMY's regional presence is contributing to the ability of local communities and services to manage and develop an inclusive environment for young people from diverse backgrounds. 
This project will contribute new knowledge and understanding regarding migrant and refugee youth participation in regional areas, in this way it will assist in improving social welfare and individual wellbeing of young people living in regional areas. It will also assist service providers in regional areas, including CMY and its partners, to understand the needs of migrant and refugee youth and to improve their service provisions. 
While focused on Ballarat and Gippsland, the findings of this project can also inform and improve service provision for youth from migrant and refugee backgrounds youth in other regional areas.


Discovery project: Local Governance, Multiculturalism and Active Citizenship: The Case of Arab-Muslim Diaspora in the West

Funding period:2007–2010

Investigators:

  • Associate Professor Fethi Mansouri

  • Professor Sue Kenny

  • Professor David Walker

Administering organisation: Deakin University

Project summary: This project will advance our understanding of the best practice approaches towards the management of intercultural relationships within multicultural communities. It will generate international benchmark data on the management of multicultural spaces and will lead to a range of practical policies for local city councils, NGOs and state governments. The findings will form a robust empirical basis for understanding the optimal way of formulating government-NGOs partnerships in the successful implementation of culturally responsive policies. 
The study will also result in the development of effective policy responses aimed at enhancing active citizenship, social cohesion and intercultural understanding.


Industry-funded research: Local Government and the Challenges to Cultural Diversity

Funding period: 2005

Investigator:

  • Associate Professor Fethi Mansouri

Partner organisation: City of Darebin


Industry-funded research: A Multi-Tiered Model for Diversity Management in Schools

Funding period: 2004–2000

Investigator:

  • Dr Fethi Mansouri

Partner organisation: Brencorp Foundation

 

Linkage project: Australian Diasporas and Brain Gain: Exploring Current and Potential Transnational Linkages

Funding period: 2009–2012

Investigators:

  • Associate Professor Danny Ben-Moshe

  • Professor Graeme Hugo

  • Associate Professor Loretta Baldassar

  • Dr Therese Joiner

  • Dr Steve Francis

  • Mr Ordan Andreevski

Administering organisation: Deakin University

Partner organisations:

  • Victorian Multicultural Commission

  • Australian Vietnamese Women's Welfare Association

  • Centre for Multicultural Youth Issues

  • Embassy of the Republic of Macedonia

  • COASIT Italian Historical Society

  • Italian/Australian Welfare and Cultural Centre

  • Council for International Trade and Commerce SA Inc

Project summary: The research will investigate current and potential future roles of diasporas in both Australia and overseas in facilitating trade and investment. 
The study will examine their political, cultural and kinship ties with homelands and map the geography of seven diasporas in Australia. 
This will provide new data that describes the character, motivations and movements of diasporas in Australia. Data analysis will determine the current and potential role diaspora play in adding value to Australian society through 'brain gain' and 'circulation' versus 'brain drain'. 
Findings will inform migration and social policy aimed at maximising benefits of migration.


Linkage project: The challenge of managing cultural diversity in education: the case of Arab-Australian youth

Funding period:2004–2007

Investigators:

  • Dr Fethi Mansouri

  • Dr Michael Leach

  • Ms Dalal Smiley

Administering organisation: Deakin University

Partner organisations:

  • Brencorp Foundation

  • Victorian Arabic Social Services (VASS)

Project summary: This project investigates the challenges posed by cultural diversity in multicultural schools. It will focus specifically on students from Arabic-speaking background (ASB) attending secondary schools in the Northern and Western regions of Melbourne. 
The study will assess whether individual students' attitudes and the schools' structures and pedagogical ideology impact upon ASB students' achievements. 
In using focus group discussions and attitudinal surveys, the study will also test the cultural appropriateness of such methodological procedures. 
The study's proposed multi-dimensional model will be tested in order to determine the optimal social environments and inter-ethnic relations needed to successfully fulfill the potential of multicultural education.


Industry-funded research: Reinvigorating Multicultural Education in Culturally Pluralist Communities

Funding period: 2005–2007

Investigator:

  • Associate Professor Fethi Mansouri

Partner organisation: Scanlon Foundation

Project summary: This project funded from 2005-2007 is an action research project that develops and trials a multi-tiered approach to effecting successful multicultural educational change in culturally diverse schools. The project aimed to increase students, particularly Arabic-speaking background students, positive educational outcomes, particularly retention rates and educational achievements.

Publications:

 

Discovery project: Comparative dimensions of active citizenship: an analysis of indicators of inclusivity and exclusivity in civil society

Funding period: 2002–2005

Investigators:

  • Dr Sue Kenny

  • Dr Kevin Brown

  • Associate Professor Jenny A Onyx

  • Professor TW Burke

Administering organisation: Deakin University

Project summary: Active citizenship is a key concept in debates around the nature of civil society and the changing forms of citizenship. To date, grounded studies of the concept have been few. The project's significance lies in its focus on developing indicators of active citizenship. This enables the empirical charting of active citizenship. The comparative aspect to the project will heighten our ability to understand these processes in Australia in relation to other countries.


Linkage project: Social Networks, Belonging and Active Citizenship among Migrant Youth in Australia

Funding period: 2009–2012

Investigators:

  • Professor Fethi Mansouri

  • Professor Zlatko Skrbis

  • Dr Steve Francis

  • Ms Carmel Guerra

Administering organisation: Deakin University

Partner organisations:

  • The Australian Red Cross

  • The Centre for Multicultural Youth Issues

Project summary: This project will focus on youth from three Australian migrant communities at the centre of recent debates about migrant integration, intercultural conflict and social cohesion. 
It will investigate the role of formal and informal networks in creating among migrant youth a sense of belonging to the mainstream society. 
The project redresses a critical gap in popular and official understandings of the social fabric of Australia and will provide benchmark data for improved government and community services in the area of migrant youth. 
It will examine and assess the role of social networks in informing young people's sense of belonging and active participation in the community of citizens.


Industry-funded research: The Challenge of Managing Cultural Diversity in Education: The Case of Arab-Australian Youth

Funding period: 2004–2007

Investigator:

  • Associate Professor Fethi Mansouri

Partner organisation: Scanlon Foundation

Project summary: This project funded by the Scanlon Foundation (2004-2007) investigated the challenges posed by cultural diversity in multicultural schools. It focused specifically on students from Arabic-speaking background (ASB) attending secondary schools in the Northern and Western regions of Melbourne. 
The study assessed whether individual student's attitudes and the school's structures and pedagogical ideology impact upon ASB student's achievements.
In using focus group discussions and attitudinal surveys, the study also tested the cultural appropriateness of such methodological procedures. The study is tested in order to determine the optimal social environments and inter-ethnic relations needed to successfully fulfil the potential of multicultural education.

Publications:

 

Religion and Philosophy

Discovery project: Reinventing philosophy as a way of life

Funding period: 2014–2016

Investigators:

  • Dr Michael Ure

  • Professor Keith Ansell-Pearson

  • Dr Matthew Sharpe

Administering organisation: Monash University

Project summary: The core aim of this project is to examine modern re-inventions of the classical ideal of philosophy as a way of life.
It will investigate the reanimation of this idea in post-Kantian philosophy, including well-known figures such as Nietzsche but also neglected figures such as Jean-Marie Guyau. 
The research will be highly significant in providing the first sustained study of how 19th and 20th century European philosophy transformed ancient philosophical schools, such as Epicureanism and Stoicism.

Discovery project: Religion and political thought

Funding period: 2012–2014

Investigators:

  • Associate Professor Marion Maddox

  • Associate Professor Roland Boer

  • Dr Christopher Hartney

  • Dr Geoffrey Boucher

  • Dr Matthew Sharpe

Administering organisation: Macquarie University

Project summary: Why do so many Australian political leaders increasingly profess religious belief, while the public becomes more secular? What does this mean for our politics? Religion and Political Thought (RAPT's) interdisciplinary, rigorous analysis contributes both to a large international project (Asia, Europe and North America), and to developing an Australian tradition of political theory.

 

Development and Sustainability

Partnership: Researching Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health Service Use in Rural and Pastoralist Ethiopia

Funding period: 2014–2015

Investigator:

  • Dr Ruth Jackson

Administering organisation: Deakin University

Project summary: This project examines how Key Informant Research (KIR) in rural and pastoralist Ethiopia will identify facilitators and barriers to the use of maternal, neonatal and child health services. The methodology is informed by Participative Ethnographic Evaluation Research (PEER) and Key Informant Monitoring (KIM). Key Informant Research (KIR) training will provide research skills to Health Extension Workers (HEWs) and non-government organisation (NGO) staff to enable them to develop research questions, collect data and participate in preliminary data analysis.

 

Migration and Refugees

Linkage project: Economic and social rights of asylum seekers in Australia: Challenges for Community Associations

Funding period: 2002–2004

Investigators:

  • Dr Fethi Mansouri

  • Dr Sue Kenny

  • Dr Kevin Brown

  • Ms Dalal Smiley

Administering organisation: Deakin University

Partner organisation:

  • Victorian Arabic Social Services (VASS)

Project summary: This project will investigate the contribution of a community association providing humanitarian assistance to newly-arrived refugees holding Temporary Protection Visas (TPV). 
The project will assess the capacity of non-government organisations (NGOs) in delivering basic social services and identifying areas of immediate concern. 
The anticipated outcomes of the project are: (a) the establishment of effective models of best practice in the delivery of social services by a NGO, (b) the potential for partnership between such an organisation and the State in developing social policy, and (c) the contribution to theoretical examination of the role of civil society in the new Globalisation era.